Being on the way on one of the most important crossroads of the world combining Asia to Europe, Kocaeli and its surroundings has been an important populated place starting from the pre-historic ages. It has been confirmed that population has been existing in this area since 3000 B.C. Despite of that only a few populated places have been discovered dating back to pre-historic ages.
Today, along the commercially active Black Sea and the Marmara Sea shorelines, Kocaeli boasts 34 ports and industrial facility docks, making it a logistics heaven and a gateway to global markets. The province is a hub for both national and intercontinental routes. It is adjacent to Istanbul, one of the world’s largest metropolitan centres and close to two international airports; Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen(SAW) and Istanbul Ataturk(IST), 45 and 80 km. from the city centre respectively. Only 14 km. away is the Cengiz Topel airport serving purely domestic routes. Kocaeli is home to more than 1,600,000 people and is one of Turkey’s most densely populated cities. This is also the home port for the Turkish Navy, demonstrating the continuing historic and strategic importance of the province in military terms.
For a detailed history of Kocaeli province:
Museums and Ruins Kocaeli:
KOCAELI PROVINCIAL DIRECTORATE OF CULTURE AND TOURISM